A treatment that is associated with replacing an unhealthy bone marrow with a healthy one is known as home marrow transplant. It is also known as a narrow or blood transplant (BMT).
What is a bone marrow?
The soft, spongy tissue that is present inside your bone is known as bone marrow. It helps in making blood-forming cells. These cells turn into blood cells which include white blood cells that help in fighting infections. It also includes red blood cells which help in carrying oxygen throughout the body and the platelets help in controlling bleeding. Find the best bone marrow transplant in India.
How does a bone marrow transplant works?
In order to destroy the affected blood-forming marrow and cells, you will have to go through chemotherapy before you are going for the transplant. This chemotherapy can be with or without radiation. After these healthy cells are provided to you and it is not a surgery. Through a tube or an intravenous IV line, the new cells will go into your bloodstream and this possess is just like getting medicine or blood through an IV. The new cells will find their way to the bone marrow and here they will start to produce healthy red blood cells, platelets and also white blood cells.
What are the types of diseases that can be cured with the help of bone marrow transplant?
A bone marrow transplant can be useful in treating blood cancers like lymphoma and leukemia. It is also helpful in fighting bone marrow diseases like aplastic anemia. Certain other types of immune system or genetic disease like sickle cell disease can be treated with bone marrow transplantation. A bone marrow transplant is also helpful in curing multiple myeloma. Immune deficiency disorders and certain types of solid tumor cancers are also treated with the help of bone marrow transplant.
What are the three common types of Bone marrow transplant?
There three types of a bone marrow transplant. Autologous transplant is a type of BMT is a procedure that will use your own blood-forming cells. The type of BMT that uses the blood-forming cells which are donated by someone else is known as an Allogeneic transplant. The third type is known as the Haploidentical transplant that is a type of allogeneic transplant.
Who are in the bone marrow transplant team?
There is a group of specialists who are present during BMT. The first and foremost are doctors who specialize in oncology, immunology, hematology and bone marrow. The team also requires bone marrow transplant nurse coordinator. Apart from them, you will need dietitians, physical therapist, pharmacist, respiratory therapists, infectious disease and certain other specialists.
What are the side effects of BMT?
There are certain side effects of BMT as well. One of the main side effects is that you can be infected and it will weaken you. Other side effects include nausea and vomiting, fatigue, soreness of the mouth, low level of platelets, low level of red blood cells and also diarrhea. There are certainly long-term side effects as well among which infertility is the main one. Other effects include early menopause for women, thyroid problems, and risk of developing another cancer. Bone marrow transplant in India will provide you with thorough guidance.